Lesson One of the Book of Daniel,
Introduction to the Book of Daniel
The Book of Luke, Psalm of Simeon and the
Announcement of Anna, Part III
- Lesson 19
And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem,
whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout,
waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him. 26And
it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before
he had seen the Lordís Christ. 27And he came by the Spirit into the
temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the
custom of the law, 28Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed
God, and said, 29Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace,
according to thy word: 30For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
31Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; 32A
light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel. 33And
Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him.
34And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this
child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign
which shall be spoken against; 35(Yea, a sword shall pierce through
thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
We left off last
week at verse 34 where we read that Simeon blessed Mary and Joseph and then gave
a message solely to Mary.
This message given
solely to Mary gives us an indication that the message was not pertinent to
Joseph because when Christ was crucified Joseph had most likely passed away
because Jesus told John from the cross to care for his mother.
Up to this point
in time, all of the inspired words pertaining to the Lord Jesus have been very
positive, speaking with reference to His ruling on Davidís throne, setting right
the things which are wrong, and bringing peace and salvation to men.
But now Simeon
unveils the other side of the story, which is also a part of the Old Testament
prophecies, such as those of Psalm 22 or Isaiah 53, prophecies of the
rejection, crucifixion and death of Messiah, prophecies of His substitutionary
prophecy views the coming of Christ as revealing the hearts of men, and of
dividing men, so that on account of Him some will rise and some will fall.
this child is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and
for a sign which shall be spoken against
In other words a personís relation or attitude toward Jesus would be absolutely
decisive of his eternal destiny.
Some would reject him; others would by the grace of God accept him.
The that reject him would fall; that is they would (unless they repented) be
excluded from the kingdom.
The latter would rise; that is, they would be welcomed to the kingdom.
Jesus Christ is the great divider between the rise and the fall.
He is the mid point, He is the watershed, the dividing ridge, the center of the
universe, the dividing place which determines a man or womanís eternal destiny.
We live or die on Jesus Christ.
We live in the dispensation of grace and because we do the call continues to go
out, Repent and call upon the name of the Lord and you shall be saved.
Simeon also tells us that the child would be a sign which shall be spoken
Now a sign along the road does not point to itself but to another.
We have a sign on the road that says Grace Bible Church.
What if all of us went and congregated by that sign this morning?
That would be silly to do, wouldnít it?
We did not go to the sign for our services but we came to this place.
You do not visit the sign but to the place that the sign points.
Jesus Christ, we are told in scripture is the Word of God.
He is not your word, He is not my word but he is the word of God!
By hearing the word of God we can know God.
We cannot know God without the word of God.
The word of God is Godís agent to reveal God to us.
This means that Jesus as the word of God would point away from himself to his
Sender, whose image he would reflect and whose works he would perform.
When Christ claimed that he was sent from the Father he would be spoken against
This has not faded with time, in fact it is more clear with time.
Philip In John 14:8, saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth
When He said he that hath seen me hath seen the Father He was demonstrating what
the Father was like.
When he said in John 10:30:
I and my Father are one;
The next thing we are given witness is:
the Jews took up stones again to stone him. 32Jesus answered them,
Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye
stone me? 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone
thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself
When he said I and my Father are one, he was immediately spoken against and they
took up stones.
Among many examples of this speaking against is this passage in John.
John 6:35-41, And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that
cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.
37All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh
to me I will in no wise cast out. 38For I came down from heaven, not
to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39And this is
the Fatherís will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I
should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. 40And
this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and
believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last
day. 41The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread
which came down from heaven.
By means of their attitude to Jesus men would constantly be revealing the
thoughts or designs of their heart.
They would show whether they were for or against him.
Neutrality would be forever impossible.
Simeon said the babe was given for a sign and that sign pointed to the Father.
This is the offense of all who do not believe down though the centuries and it
is no different today, we preach Christ as the only way to the Father.
And finally Simeon
is sent by the Holy Spirit to prepare Mary for the grief she must suffer, as the
rejection of Her Son by men will cause her to witness His death on the cross.
Truly this will be
a sword that will pierce her soul.
But Simeon was not
given to see everything.
He did not see
that even in the midst of Maryís sorrow she would receive a measure of comfort.
disciple whom Jesus loved would take her into his home.
And this prophesy
would also prepare her to accept Godís will and Godís plan and even her sorrow
would work together for good.
From this day
forth Mary knew that her son, in carrying out Godís will, would bring her
But, because of
the resurrection on the third day Maryís sorrow would be changed to rejoicing
and strengthening of her faith.
As the psalmist has written:
Weeping may endure for a
night, but joy cometh in the morning.
move to the Announcement of Anna: Luke 2:36-38,
And there was one
Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a
great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity; 37And
she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not
from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.
38And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord,
and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
Anna is a truly
remarkable woman. Her name means Grace, the unmerited favor of God.
While we are told
less about what she actually said, we are given more information about her
background than Simeonís.
Anna was an
Israelite, of the tribe of Asher (Asher, being Jacob and Leahís second son),
one of the ten so called ďlost tribesĒ of Israel, which were scattered in the
This shows that
all who were of the tribe of Asher were not lost.
In fact it shows
us from what tribe one was from was still important and recorded.
Anna was also a
She was a very
aged woman, Luke says a great age and lived as a widow for 84 years after having
lived with her husband 7 years.
If she had married
at age 14 she would at this time be 105 years old, a great age indeed.
She lived in the
Day and night she
was in the temple, praying and fasting.
For what was she
praying and fasting?
Luke does not tell
us, but it is obvious that she, like Simeon, was looking for the coming of
Messiah for she: spake of him to all them
that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
She was a godly
person and like Simeon looked for redemption in Jerusalem and the only person
that would bring redemption was the Messiah.
from the Old Testament that the ďday of the LordĒ was a day of divine judgment,
and that Messiah would come to deal with Israelís sin.
Thus, her prayer
and fasting was evidence of her mourning for the sins of Israel.
Anna was evidently
a very godly woman, a woman who was very aware of Israelís sins, a woman who was
looking for and hastening the coming of Messiah.
The details of
Annaís life are given to show her character.
Luke has been good
to us in showing us the incredible character of this woman by considering the
details he has supplied.
As a young widow,
the natural thing for Anna to have done would be to remarry.
She must have had
many such opportunities.
As a member of the
lost tribe of Asher, there must have been a strong incentive to marry and bear
children, since this tribe may have been in danger of extinction.
womanly contribution, as well as her womanly fulfillment, would seem to have
been marriage and child-bearing.
remained single, lived out her life in the temple, occupied with prayer and
Simeon had been
divinely guided to the temple; Anna was always there.
coming in that instant, came upon the scene of Mary, Joseph, the baby Jesus
and Simeon, just at the time Simeon was identifying the child as Godís Messiah.
immediately began giving thanks to God.
More than this,
she began to broadcast the good news to all those who were, like she and Simeon,
looking for the redemption in Jerusalem.
Anna did not miss
a service, she was always in the temple and did not miss out on this great
blessing of seeing the Messiah and it seems that those who did look for the
Messiah knew each other and together longed for his coming.
She spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
This tells us who Anna kept company with.
Anna kept company with the faithful, those who looked for redemption in
Here are some interesting facts concerning Jesus Christís first visit to the
His first visit took place as a baby in his motherís arms.
He was defenseless and without words or works.
It was the first
of many visits which are recorded in scripture.
All of his visits
including this one were very significant events.
We are told of one
of these visits to the temple later in this chapter when Jesus visited it when
he was 12 years old.
The Old Testament
prophets had spoken of the appearance of Godís Messiah at the temple:
Mal. 3:1, Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way
before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even
the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith
the LORD of hosts.
But Jesusí first
visit to the temple in Jerusalem, as recorded by Johnís gospel (John 2:13-25),
commenced with the cleansing of the temple, and with strong words of rebuke,
just as one well acquainted with the Old Testament prophecies concerning
Messiahís appearance would have expected.