1. Lesson One of the Book of Daniel, Introduction to the Book of Daniel

Kingdoms of Israel -  Lesson 62

United Kingdom

(Has kingdom taken from him; Samuel, prophet)
(Unites kingdom again; Nathan, prophet)
(Builds the temple; son of David & Bathsheba)

Judah (South)--Eventually exiled in Babylon

Israel (North)--Eventually exiled in Assyria

Rehoboam, 928-911,--increases the burden of the people against the advice of his old advisors

Jeroboam, 928-907, --leads 10 tribes that split off--establishes Dan and Bethel as religious centers to prevent trips to Jerusalem; sets up two golden calves

Abijam (Abijha), 911-908--three year reign--wars w/ Jeroboam and takes some of Israel's towns

Nadab,907-906,--short and evil reign

Asa,908-867,--good king--takes away sodomites (male religious prostitutes) and idols--wars with the Ethiopians and wins after crying out to God; but when Baasha comes against him, he sends to Syria for help, so Benhadad, king of Syria, attacks Israel. Hanani the seer tells Asa that because he relied on the king of Syria, and not God, he will henceforth have wars.

Baasha, 906-883, --kills Nadab--wars with Asa, king of Judah


Elah, 883-882,


Zimri, 882, --kills Elah--reigns 7 days, then killed


Omri, 882-871, --builds Samaria

Jehosophat, 867-851,-reigns 25 years--he does that which is right in the eyes of the Lord, making reforms. He makes peace with Ahab and goes to battle with him for Ramoth-gilead. Although Ahab's paid prophets tell them God will give them victory, Jehosophat asks that Ahab call a prophet of the Lord. He calls Michaiah, who prophecies: "I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd. . . Now therefore, behold, the Lord hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets." After praying for God's assistance, he has victory over Moab and Ammon.

Ahab, 871-851,--enemy of Elijah--"But there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself to work wickedness in the sight of the Lord, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up." Ahab wars with Benhadad, king of Syria, but, instead of killing him, he makes a covenant with him. Consequently, a prophet of God tells Ahab, "thy life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people." Ahab disguises himself when he goes into battle for Ramoth-gilead; he is randomly shot with a bow and dies.

Jehoram (Joram), 851-843, --eight year reign--marries Ahab's daughter and is wicked--apparently co-reigned with his father Jehosophat for part of his reign--when Jehosophat died, he slew all his brethren. He fought the Edomites. Elijah prophecies against him.

Ahaziah, 851-850, --when he falls sick, he sends a messenger to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron. Elijah meets his messenger and tells him Ahaziah will die. He dies without an heir.

Ahaziah, 843-842, --one year reign--does evil in the sight of the Lord--goes with Joram (king of Israel) to war against Hazael king of Syria. When Joram is wounded, he goes to visit him. He is killed by Jehu.

Jehoram (Joram), 850-842, --brother of Ahaziah--reigns in Israel after Ahaziah dies. He is evil, but not as bad as Ahab. He wars with Moab, and Jehosophat joins him. He calls Elisha to prophecy to him. Elisha aids him against Syria as well.


Jehu, 842-814,  is anointed king on Elisha's command, and he carries out, with force, Elijah's prophecy against Ahab's house. Joram and Ahaziah (of Judah) go out to meet Jehu and ask if he comes in peace. Jehu kills Joram and then has Ahaziah killed.

Athaliah, 842-836, --the mother of Ahaziah--destroys all the royal seed when she sees Ahaziah is dead. But Ahaziah's sister hides his son Joash. Athaliah rules six years.

Jehoahaz, 814-800, --does evil in God's sight. He wars with Syria.

Jehoiada the priest has Joash, 836-799,  (Jehoash) anointed king at age 7 and Athaliah slain. He then has the people destroy all the idols of Baal and slay the priest of Baal. But after Jehoiada's death, Joash allows pagan worship again. Zecheriah prophecies against him, so the king has him stoned. Joash slays Jehoiada's son, so the Lord delivers a great host of Judah into the hands of the Syrians. Then Jehoiada's own servants kill him. 40 year reign.


Amaziah, 799-786, --does that which is right in the Lord's sight--yet the high places remain. He slays his father's killers, but not their children. He smites Edom. But then he takes their gods and sets them up to be his gods, so God punishes him: Amaziah challenges Joash, king of Israel, to battle, and he is defeated. Later he is conspired against and slain.

Joash (Jehoash), 800-785, --does evil in God's sight. He weeps over Elisha, who is dying, and who tells him he will smite Syria only three times. He also defeats Amaziah king of Judah in battle, breaking down the wall of Jerusalem and plundering the house of God.

The people make Amaziah's son, Azariah (Uzziah), 786-758, , king, and he does right, reigning 52 years. Contemporary with the prophet Zechariah. Warred with the Philistines. But he forsakes God, burning incense upon the altar. Azariah and other priests withstand him, since only the sons of Aaron can burn incense on the altar, and so God smites the king with leprosy.

Jeroboam II, 785-749, --recovers Damascus and Hamth from Judah for Israel--does evil in God's sight


Zachariah, 749,--reigns six months, doing evil


Shallum,748, kills Zachariah and reigns one month


Menahem, 748-737,  kills Shallum and wars with Pul king of Asyria, eventually paying him tribute by exacting the money of Israel.


Pekahiah, 737-735, --killed by Pekah

Jotham, 758-742, --does right, reigning 16 years, though the high places still are not removed--he fought with Ammon and prevailed

Pekah,735-731, --In his days, Tiglathpileser begins to take captives to Assyria. Hoshea kills Pekah.

Ahaz, 742-726, --sacrifices his children to pagan gods, so as punishment he is besieged by Pekah in league with Rezin king of Syria. Reigns 16 years.


Hezekiah, 726-697, --a good king--he initiates a revival, takes down the high places, and invites both Judah and Israel to Passover. He refuses to serve the King of Assyria. When Hezekiah falls sick, Isaiah comes to tell him he will die. But Hezekiah prays to God, who says through Isaiah, "I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee." Hezekiah asks for a sign that he will be healed--that the shadow return backward ten degrees. He lives 15 more years, but he makes the mistake of showing the delegates of Babylon all the treasures in his house. Isaiah tells him that God will allow Babylon to carry Judah away in exile after Hezekiah's days. 29 year reign.

Hoshea, 731-722, --becomes servant of Shalmaneser king of Assyria, but one year he does not bring tribute; so Shalmaneser puts Hoshea in prison and besieges Samaria, carrying away Israel captive

Manasseh, 697-642,--rebuilds altars to Baal--sheds much innocent blood--sacrifices his children--and other evils. So God says He "will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies." Manasseh is bound and carried into Babylon. But there he prays to God, and God sees that he is brought back to Jerusalem. He then takes away the idols and repairs the Lord's altar. Reigns 55 years.


Amon, 642-640, --reigns two years--his servants slay him in his own house, but the people slay the conspirators and make his son Josiah king.


Josiah, 640-609, --reigns 31 years--he carries out a great reform inspired by the finding of the book of the law. He is slain in battle by the king of Egypt. (Contemporary with Jeremiah.)


Jehoahaz, 609-608, --Pharaoh put him in bands so that he would not rule Jerusalem. 3 year reign.


Jehoiakim (Eliakim), 608-597, --11 year reign--set up by Pharaoh. Nebuchadnezzar binds him and carries him to Babylon. Jehoiakim becomes his servant, but later rebels.


Jehoiachin, 597,--3 month reign--in his days Nebuchadnezzar seizes Jerusalem, and Jehoiachin surrenders to him. Neb. plunders the temple and carries Jerusalem into exile. Jehoiachin is later released from prison and treated well by Evil-merodach.


Zedekiah (Mattaniah), 597-587, --11 year reign--set up by Neb., but rebels against him, so Neb. besieges Jerusalem, slays Zedekiah's sons before his eyes, and then puts out his eyes. Neb. burns the temple and completes the deportation of the Jews to Babylon (except for the poor).


In 538, after Cyrus king of Persia has conquered Babylon, he issues an Edict allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple.

The 10 Northern tribes of Israel are largely lost to history and enter the realm of legend.